Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau
In 1945, the Bauhaus building in Dessau that had been designed by Walter Gropius was partially destroyed. After a makeshift repair, it was used as a school building over and over again in the following decades. The house was only restored in according to guidelines for historical monuments in 1976 as the GDR rediscovered the Bauhaus legacy for itself and began to use it for political purposes. This original site of Bauhaus history is now the headquarters for the Dessau Bauhaus Foundation. In Dessau-Rosslau, the institution – which was established in 1994 by the federal government, state and city – is dedicated to the preservation of a rich legacy and simultaneously makes contributions to shaping the environment of modern life. It is a cultural lighthouse in the new German states.
With 26,000 objects, the foundation has the second-largest Bauhaus collection in the world. A portion of it can be viewed in the permanent “Workshop of the Modern Age” exhibition that primarily presents the Dessau period of the Bauhaus from 1925 to 1932. It therefore reflects a phase in which the teaching activities, as well as the workshops and architecture department, were able to develop their greatest impact.
As a pillar of the teachings, the academy offers programmes such as the International Bauhaus College, which is an interdisciplinary offering of courses in English that is primarily oriented towards architects, urban designers and urbanists. In Dessau and on site in alternating cities throughout the entire world, the college allows young professionals from architecture and art, design and the humanities to gain an insight into the complex realities of contemporary cities. The programme is complemented by annual summer schools on various topics.
The new workshop is dedicated to the architectural and urban-planning issues of the present age. It most recently hosted the 2010 International Building Exhibition on Urban Redevelopment Saxony-Anhalt in 19 small and medium-sized cities of Saxony-Anhalt. During the eight years of this project, a competence centre for the changes and future perspectives in the shrinking cities has been created at the Dessau Bauhaus.
The international legacy and its actualisation have entered into a productive alliance in Dessau-Rosslau. As a result, more than 100,000 visitors from around the world come to the Bauhaus city in Sachsen-Anhalt every year in order to personally experience the defining school of design’s spirit on site. This is where tourists and experts become familiar with the Bauhaus in its entire complexity at a place that continues to be a living centre for scientific discourse and questions of design – as well as a location with exciting exhibitions and unique events in the midst of historic buildings. With the Masters‘ Houses and the Employment Office by Walter Gropius, the Kornhaus restaurant by Carl Fieger, the Laubenganghäuser (apartment buildings with balcony access) by Hannes Meyer or the Stahlhaus (steel house) by Georg Muche and Richard Paulick, key works of international modernity in architecture can be viewed in Dessau-Rosslau.