Bauhaus Online | Magazin en-US The Coop Principle – Hannes Meyer and the Concept of Collective Design <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Cooperative societies, sharing communities, building groups – the collective is booming. The questions of the relationship between society and design, between individual and collaborative creation and production were already being negotiated at the Bauhaus: The second Bauhaus director <a href="/en/atlas/personen/hannes-meyer" title="Hannes Meyer">Hannes Meyer</a> (1889-1955) notably organised his teaching and workshops, planning and architecture along the radical lines of the collective and its requirements. Meyer’s idea of a collective design process was particularly revolutionary. Now, this so-called coop principle is being addressed for the first time by the exhibition “the coop principle – Hannes Meyer and the Concept of Collective Design”.<br /><br />The exhibition elucidates why Meyer by his own admission never developed projects alone, how he realised the “cooperative” in theory and practice and what precisely lies behind his motto “Volksbedarf statt Luxusbedarf” (the needs of the people instead of the need for luxury). Under Meyer’s reign as director, for a period of two years the ‘Volkswohnung’ (People’s flat) was the Bauhaus Dessau’s main mission and leitmotif. The goal was to achieve the greatest economy in form, construction and material – a design credo that is being rediscovered in many places today. Visitors will be able to try out elements of the ‘Volkswohnung’ for themselves, which have been reproduced by the <a href="/en/stiftung-bauhaus-dessau" title="Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau">Bauhaus Dessau Foundation</a> in cooperation with the Deutsche Werkstätten Hellerau and the Arbeits- und Sozialförderungsgesellschaft Dessau e.V.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/the-coop-principle-hannes-meyer-and-the-concept-of-collectiv" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Hannes Meyer © Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="311" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/the-coop-principle-hannes-meyer-and-the-concept-of-collectiv"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Based on the topical modules “Society”, “Education”, “Architecture” and “Landscape”, the exhibition presents the coop idea – and the innovations that it yielded at the Bauhaus: be it Meyer’s grasp of architecture as a social science, the focus on social content, organic functionalism in design or the students’ interdisciplinary teamwork in so-called vertical brigades.<br /><br />Above and beyond this, the exhibition focuses on Hannes Meyer’s personal history, which was influenced by migration. Subsequent to his time at the Bauhaus, the committed Marxist taught until the mid-1930s in the Soviet Union and from 1939 to 1949 in Mexico. The exhibition will also portray Hannes Meyer’s extensive international network as part of the „coop cosmos“, thereby elucidating the status and reception of the second Bauhaus director.<br /><br />In the round-up to the opening of the exhibition the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation will hold a press conference and organise a tour through the exhibition with the curators. A separate invitation will be delivered during the coming weeks.<br /><br />Curated by Dr. Werner Möller (Bauhaus Dessau Foundation) and Dr. Raquel Franklin (Anahuac University, Mexico City)<br /><br />Sponsored by the German Federal Cultural Foundation’s International Museum Fellowship programme, the Swiss Arts Council Pro Helvetia and Lotto-Toto Sachsen-Anhalt. Under the patronage of the Swiss Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany, H.E. Tim Guldimann<br /><br />Opening: May 21st, 7 pm<br /><br /><br /></p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Dessau Exhibition Tue, 19 May 2015 10:10:37 +0000 Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau 8880 at Bauhaus Face: Ferdinand Kramer <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Carl Friedrich August Ferdinand Kramer was born on 22 January 1898 in Frankfurt am Main. In <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1919" title="1919">1919 </a>Kramer began his architectural studies under Theodor Fischer at the Technische Hochschule in Munich. On Fischer’s recommendation he enrolled in the same year at the recently established <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/idee/bauhaus-weimar" title="Bauhaus Weimar">Bauhaus Weimar</a>. But disappointed with the lack of regular architectural studies, Kramer left Weimar after just a few months. Even a letter from <a href="/en/atlas/personen/walter-gropius" title="Walter Gropius">Walter Gropius</a>, in which he expressed his deep regret, was not enough to prevent Kramer from leaving. He returned to Munich and completed his architectural studies in 1922.<br /><br />Because architectural commissions failed to materialise due to inflation, Kramer designed small pieces of furniture, lamps and other utility objects that were shown in the German Work Federation’s 1924 touring exhibition “Die Form”. He also designed the “Schiffermanns-Ofen” for the interior, furniture and fashion designer <a href="/en/atlas/personen/lilly-reich" title="Lilly Reich">Lilly Reich</a> (later partner of the third Bauhaus director <a href="/en/atlas/personen/ludwig-mies-van-der-rohe" title="Ludwig Mies van der Rohe">Ludwig Mies van der Rohe</a>). This was a precursor of the “Kramer-Ofen”, different models of which were mass-produced from 1925 by the company Bruderus. In 1924 Kramer travelled with Lilly Reich to the Netherlands and London, where they viewed buildings designed by the architects of the De Stijl group and other new types of housing estates.<br /><br />From 1925 Kramer collaborated on town planner and architect Ernst May’s innovative social town planning programme, New Frankfurt. Employed by the building office in the department of standardisation, Kramer mainly designed lightweight plywood combination furniture as well as expensive solid wood combination furniture, a range of lamps and everyday objects such as door handles for New Frankfurt’s standardised housing programme.<br /><br />At the exhibition for the 1927 opening of the <a href="/en/atlas/werke/weissenhof-estate" title="Weissenhof Estate">Weissenhof estate</a>, a housing estate in Stuttgart, Kramer demonstrated the assembly of May’s “prefabricated house” according to the so-called Frankfurt assembly method. He also furnished not only this building but also one of J. J.P. Oud’s houses and a flat in Mies van der Rohe’s housing block with furniture of his own design. Kramer was also originally chosen to design a house for the Weißenhofsiedlung, but he first learned of this in 1984.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-ferdinand-kramer" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Nini und Carry Hess: Ferdinand Kramer, ca. 1918/1919 © Ferdinand Kramer Archiv" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="286" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-ferdinand-kramer"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In 1926 Kramer designed the central garage of the “Frankfurter Automobildroschken-Gesellschaft”. In 1929, together with Eugen Blanck, he designed nine balcony access houses, the main laundry and the distance heating plant for the Siedlung Westhausen in Frankfurt. He also taught functional architecture and model making at the Kunstgewerbeschule Frankfurt. As a freelance architect in Frankfurt from 1930, Kramer worked on numerous new buildings, building developments and interiors for flats, offices, shops and institutes. In 1933 he left the German Work Federation. The NS vilified his work as “degenerate architecture”. Considered politically unreliable, he was prohibited from working in 1937 and emigrated to the USA in March 1938.<br /><br />Initially employed as an architect in various offices, in 1939/1949 Kramer became the head of two housing associations affiliated to the Institute of Social Research founded in New York in 1934. In 1940 he became a licensed architect. He also designed the mobile electrical mini kitchen “Service Wagon” (1941), the flexible, fold-away “Knockdown Furniture” (1941) and a set of garden furniture (1944) that was also installed in the White House. With designer Calvert Coggeshall, Kramer designed a standardised house made from prefabricated elements with mobile dividing walls and “Visual” (1945-1947), a completely new system for visual sales in department stores. He also designed a fold-away, adjustable tubular steel sun bed (“Feather-Lite”) and the paper umbrella “Rainbelle” (1951), which was a commercial success.<br /><br />In 1952, acting on the initiative of Max Horkheimer, rector of the Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe-Universität, Kramer returned to Germany and took over as director of the architecture department of the university in Frankfurt am Main. In the twelve years under his leadership twenty-three institutional buildings designed for broadly flexible use were built. From 1964-1984 Kramer worked again as a freelance architect and built houses in Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, Bad Homburg and Switzerland. He wrote for specialist magazines and lectured at international universities and other institutions. Kramer’s work as an architect and designer has been shown in numerous solo exhibitions since the 1980s, e.g. at the Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin in 1982/1983.<br /><br />Ferdinand Kramer died on 4 November 1985 in Frankfurt am Main.<br /><br />Reference: <a href="" target="_blank"></a><br /><br /></p><p></p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Wed, 13 May 2015 09:22:18 +0000 Gesine Bahr 8873 at Bauhaus Face: Friedrich Reimann <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Friedrich Reimann was born on 22 February 1912 in Deuna, Thuringia and was raised in Fuhrbach in the administrative district of Göttingen. After an apprenticeship as a bricklayer, in summer <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1931" title="1931">1931</a> Reimann began to study at the Bauhaus Dessau. Here, the <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/lehre/Vorkurs-josef-albers" title="Preliminary Course by Josef Albers">preliminary course directed by Josef Albers</a> consisted of material and texture studies and figurative drawing. Reimann attended the classes “abstract form elements” and “analytical drawing” with <a href="/en/atlas/personen/wassily-kandinsky" title="Wassily Kandinsky">Wassily Kandinsky</a>. He also attended the latter’s free painting class until he left the Bauhaus. Reimann was taught typography by <a href="/en/atlas/personen/joost-schmidt" title="Joost Schmidt">Joost Schmidt</a>, mathematics by Willi Saemann and chemistry and technology by Wilhelm Müller. In the preliminary course, the letterpress printing master Willi Hauswald taught the mathematics of printed matter, typography, and printing and reproduction methods. These subjects were continued into the winter term, when Reimann also began to study in the printing and advertising workshop. Here, he attended among others classes in typographic design, figure drawing and life drawing with Joost Schmidt, figurative drawing with Josef Albers, descriptive geometry with <a href="/en/atlas/personen/alfred-arndt" title="Alfred Arndt">Alfred Arndt</a> and colour theory with <a href="/en/atlas/personen/hinnerk-scheper" title="Hinnerk Scheper">Hinnerk Scheper.</a> Reimann also sat in on guest lectures in psychology by Karlfried Graf von Dürckheim and learned photographic techniques in <a href="/en/atlas/personen/walter-peterhans" title="Walter Peterhans">Walter Peterhans</a>’ photography workshop.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-friedrich-reimann" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Portrait Friedrich Reimann, um 1932 (Foto: Jacobsen) © Margareta Raabe, Nachlass Friedrich Reimann " class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="319" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-friedrich-reimann"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>When the Bauhaus was forced to leave Dessau in <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1932" title="1932">1932,</a> Reimann moved with the school to Berlin. Joost Schmidt no longer taught at the school, meaning that the third Bauhaus director <a href="/en/atlas/personen/ludwig-mies-van-der-rohe" title="Ludwig Mies van der Rohe">Mies van der Rohe</a> now headed not only the department of architecture, but also the department of advertising, with the assistance of the painter and graphic designer Hanns Thaddäus Hoyer, who taught typography. Reimann attended Willi Hauswald’s advertising and placard discussion workshops, Walter Peterhans’ photography class and Hinnerk Scheper’s class, which now also included life drawing. As one of the Bauhaus’ last students, Reimann was awarded the Bauhaus Diploma No. 117 by the advertising department on 1 April 1933. Ten days later the Gestapo raided, sealed off and shut down the Bauhaus; on 20 July <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1933" title="1933">1933</a> Mies van der Rohe closed the school for good.<br /><br />In spring 1934 Reimann collaborated on the elaborate graphic design for a stand for the propaganda show “Deutsches Volk – Deutsche Arbeit”. <a href="/en/atlas/personen/walter-gropius" title="Walter Gropius">Walter Gropius</a> and Joost Schmidt designed the structure of the stand for the “Non-iron metals” department; Gropius had commissioned the former Bauhausler Werner Funkat to realise the design and he had hired Reimann in turn. Reimann worked as a commercial artist in Berlin until 1940; he also sat in on student workshops and classes in art schools, among them Walter Zuchor’s art school. He spent the first three years of his military service as a weather service assistant in Norway. He was married in 1943 and deployed thereafter as a guard and radio operator. After the end of the war Reimann returned to Eichsfeld in south-eastern Lower Saxony, where he worked from 1950 to 1975 as an art teacher at the Ursuline schools and the university-track school in Duderstadt. He was active at the same time as a freelance artist, graphic designer and sculptor and was a member of the Federal Association of Artists BBK.<br /><br />Public works by Reimann include the Ursuline monument in Duderstadt, stained glass windows in the Friedhofskapelle Fuhrbach, a pietà sculpture in Neu-Bösekendorf and the “Friedensglobus” in Duderstadt. Other works by Reimann, for instance oil paintings, drawings, watercolours and small sculptures, have been shown in numerous general and joint exhibitions, for instance in Berlin, Bremen, Bonn, Dortmund, Duderstadt, Fuhrbach, Göttingen, Hildesheim, Northeim and Combs la Ville, France. Friedrich Reimann died on 3 January 2008 in Duderstadt.<br /><br />References:<br />Kulturserver Niedersachsen – Stiftung gGmbH; personal records of Friedrich Reimann, 1990; Friedrich Reimann, “Sehen ohne Grenzen”, Mecke Druck und Verlag, Duderstadt, ca. 1991; “Weimar Dessau Berlin”, Hans M. Wingler, Verlag Gebr. Rasch &amp; Co. und DuMont Schauberg, 1975; “bauhaus 1919–1933”, Magdalena Droste – Bauhaus-Archiv, 1991; “Das A und O des Bauhauses”, Ute Brüning – Bauhaus-Archiv, 1995</p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Berlin Dessau Wed, 13 May 2015 08:43:33 +0000 Burckhard Kieselbach 8870 at The art of housekeeping and budgeting in the 21st century <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>How can we live in a healthy and economical way – now and in the future? The <a href="" target="_blank">Haushaltsmesse</a> at the grounds of the <a href="/en/atlas/werke/masters%E2%80%99-houses" title="Masters’ Houses">Masters’ Houses</a> provides answers – from a creative, artistic, research, historic, and activist perspective. Starting from 4th May ten international artists and design collectives – among them <a href="" target="_blank">Andrés Jaque / Office for Political Innovation </a>(Spain), <a href="" target="_blank">muf architecture/art</a> (Great Britain) und <a href="" target="_blank">Basurama </a>(Spain) – produce their contributions on sight at the Masters’ Houses. From 12th June to 9th August the completed Haushaltsmesse will be on display: together with the art pieces an Archive Room and a Study Space – a place for experimental household research – will be exhibited. An extensive programme accompanies the Haushaltsmesse.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/the-art-of-housekeeping-and-budgeting-in-the-21st-century" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Barbecue mit der &quot;Cobalt 60 Sauce&quot; des Künstler-geführten Think Tanks &quot;The Centre for Genomic Gastronomy&quot; © The Centre for Genomic Gastronomy" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="435" height="315" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/the-art-of-housekeeping-and-budgeting-in-the-21st-century"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>The houses once designed by <a href="/en/atlas/personen/walter-gropius" title="Walter Gropius">Walter Gropius </a>for the <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/lehre/meister" title="Masters">Bauhaus masters</a> – seen in the 1920s as showcases for the modern way of living and housekeeping and now UNESCO World Heritage sites – will thereby serve as a point of departure for the investigation of the art of housekeeping and budgeting in the 21st century. In question are new housekeeping, budgeting, sharing, and economic strategies. Unlike the trade fairs and large-scale exhibitions of the modernist era, which publicly addressed household issues as early as the 1920s, the Haushaltsmesse on the grounds of the Masters’ Houses should not be regarded as an exhibition of individual objects. Here, the household is exhibited – or, rather, addressed – as a “modus operandi”: it is less about the presentation of technologies and objects in the household than about the practice of housekeeping.<br /><br />The garage and cellar of the <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/new-master%E2%80%99s-houses-in-dessau" title="New Master’s Houses in Dessau">Director’s House</a>, the <a href="/en/atlas/werke/drinking-hall" title="Drinking Hall">Drinking Hall</a> and the Muche/Schlemmer duplex become artistic trade fair displays, exhibition venues and settings for arts-based debates on housekeeping and budgeting. The contributing artists turn consumer products upside down, build new worlds from mass production’s waste, and show how societies are reflected in their kitchen’s design. In the Study Space at Muche House young artists and curators show the outcomes of their experimental research projects on saving and maintaining. And the Archive at Schlemmer House provides insights into the “domestic demonstration spaces” of the 20th century by way of historic photos, documents, and catalogues.<br /><br />In addition, diverse event formats will offer the visitors the opportunity for exchange: starting from 18th June weekly round-table talks offer space for discussion with artists, urban dwellers and local players. At the fair opening on 12th and 13th June urban researchers and artists from Germany and abroad discuss the urban cultures of housekeeping and budget management and in conclusion of the Haushaltsmesse international housekeeping and budget management experts and activists debate globalised politics and practices of domestic affairs at the international summit.<br /><br />Curated by Prof. Elke Krasny (academy of fine arts vienna) and Dr. Regina Bitter (Bauhaus Dessau Foundation)<br /><br />Participating artists: Ursula Achternkamp / Bombyx (Germany), Basurama (Spain), Ivan Bazak (Ukraine), Sarah Bonnemaison (Canada), Yane Calovski (Macedonia), Estudio Sic (Spain), Phoebe Giannisi und Zissis Kotionis (Greece), Andrés Jaque / Office for Political Innovation (Spain), muf ar-chitecture/art (Great Britain), Ute Neuber (Austria)<br /><br />The Haushaltsmesse is sponsored by the German Federal Cultural Foundation and the German Federal Agency for Civic Education / bpb.<br /><br />More information on <a href="" target="_blank"></a><br /><br /><br /></p> </div> </div> </div> Dessau Exhibition Wed, 22 Apr 2015 10:26:24 +0000 Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau 8856 at Bauhaus Face: Irmgard Sörensen-Popitz <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In search of like-minded people, the trained painter and graphic designer Irmgard Sörensen-Popitz arrived at the Bauhaus Weimar. Throughout her life, whether as a student, advertising graphic designer or painter, abstraction in various forms remained the stylistic device that most influenced her work.<br /><br />Irmgard Sörensen was born in Kiel in 1896. When she was later asked how long she had been painting, she replied, “Since I can think”. Her unique talent is already evident in early childhood and informs her journey through life. In her hometown she first qualifies as a graphic illustrator; in 1917, she enrols at the Akademie für Graphische Künste und Buchgewerbe Leipzig. At the then progressive and reform-orientated academy, she attends courses including book design and typography and specialises in advertising graphics. In 1920 she wins a students’ poster competition with an abstract design that points to a new image concept. A training certificate from this period recommends that her future field of activity be “principally well-made printed advertising in the innovative aesthetic trend”.</p><p></p><p></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-irmgard-soerensen-popitz" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Portrait von Söre Popitz, ca. 1924 © Depositum Stöhr / Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau 2011, Inv.-Nr.: I44190" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="309" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-irmgard-soerensen-popitz"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>She completes her studies in February 1924. In the same period she marries the Leipzig-based physician and anthroposophist Friedrich Popitz. From then on, she usually goes by the name Söre Popitz. She is succinct about her motivations for the subsequent, decisive step: “I went to the Bauhaus Weimar because I was keen to meet like-minded people”.<br /><br />She enrols here in October <a href="/atlas/jahre/1924">1924</a> and attends the preliminary course, which is obligatory for all students. The attends classes taught by <a href="/atlas/personen/laszlo-moholy-nagy" title="László Moholy-Nagy">László Moholy-Nagy</a>, <a href="/atlas/personen/paul-klee" title="Paul Klee">Paul Klee</a> and <a href="/atlas/personen/wassily-kandinsky" title="Wassily Kandinsky">Wassily Kandinsky</a>, in which the fundamental questions of linear and colour composition are dealt with. The work that Söre Popitz produces in this period clearly demonstrates the influence of her teachers, who had made a radical break with the classical concept of art.<br /><br />When the Bauhaus relocates to Dessau in <a href="/atlas/jahre/1925" title="1925">1925</a>, Söre Popitz parts ways with the school. She works from then on in Leipzig as a freelance advertising graphic designer. The advertising she designs for local companies employ a constructivist design vocabulary. Her designs for Verlag Otto Beyer include adverts and a title page for the magazine ‚die neue linie’, a society magazine that also employs Bauhauslers such as László Moholy-Nagy, <a href="/atlas/personen/herbert-bayer" title="Herbert Bayer">Herbert Bayer</a> and <a href="/atlas/personen/franz-ehrlich" title="Franz Ehrlich">Franz Ehrlich</a>.<br />The years after 1933 lead Söre Popitz into a period of “inner emigration”. She continues to work as an advertising graphic designer for Verlag Otto Beyer and also paints for herself, producing numerous paintings of flowers. She endures the war years in Leipzig; much of her work is destroyed in air raids. Two years after the end of the war, she moves with her husband to Frankfurt am Main, where Friedrich Popitz dies in 1949. In the time thereafter she designs book covers for the publisher Insel Verlag, but is seldom active as a fine artist.<br /><br />In 1956, Söre Popitz finds her way back to painting. She now creates abstract compositions in the style of art informel. She makes a complete break with constructivism and geometric abstraction. In the 1950s other early Bauhaus students such as Wilhelm Imkamp, Fritz Winter and Wolfgang Schulze (Wols) also turn towards this art movement, which is a powerful cultural trend in West Germany.<br /><br />An intensely productive period of painting follows for Söre Popitz. Over the subsequent decades her work continues to be informed by art informel. Her work is shown in exhibitions in numerous galleries. In 1968 a reconstruction of a study in balance from László Moholy-Nagy’s preliminary course is presented at the anniversary exhibition ‘50 jahre bauhaus’ in Stuttgart. In 1970 the Bauhaus-Archiv Darmstadt hosts an exhibition showing 30 contemporary works.<br /><br />Söre Popitz died in 1993 at the age of 97. Her estate passed to the Wuppertal-based gallery owner Wilma Stöhr. In 2011 she donated the collection to the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation, where the works were inventoried. Some of the works of Söre Popitz were on show here until recently in the exhibition <a href="/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-die-kunst-der-schueler" title="Bauhaus. Die Kunst der Schüler">‘Bauhaus. The Art of the Students’</a>.</p><p><br /><br />References:</p><ul><li>Rössler, Patrick: Söre. Vom Bauhaus zum Informel, Winnenden 2009.</li><li>Rössler, Patrick: the bauhaus at the newsstand. das bauhaus am kiosk. die neue linie 1929 - 1943, Bielefeld 2009.</li><li>Schröter, Steffen: Die Künstlerin und Werbegrafikerin Irmgard Sörensen-Popitz: Entwicklung eines Ausstellungskonzeptes auf der Grundlage ihres Nachlasses in der Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau, Bachelorarbeit an der Hochschule für Technik, Wirtschaft und Kultur Leipzig, 2014 (The artist and advertising graphic designer Irmgard Sörensen-Popitz: Development of an exhibition concept based on her estate at the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation, B.A. thesis, Leipzig University of Applied Sciences (HTWK), 2014)</li></ul> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Weimar Tue, 31 Mar 2015 09:43:29 +0000 Steffen Schröter 8850 at Stories of Bauhaus children: Conrad Feininger on Lyonel and T. Lux Feininger <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>For the interview serial, Bauhaus Dessau Foundation asked heirs of Bauhauslers about their famous relatives. Conrad Feininger tells, how despite the careless treatment of his painting material, his grandfather <a href="/en/atlas/personen/lyonel-feininger" title="Lyonel Feininger">Lyonel</a> encouraged Conrad’s father <a href="/en/atlas/personen/theodore-lux-feininger" title="Theodore Lux Feininger">T. Lux</a> in his development as an artists.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/stories-of-bauhaus-children-conrad-feininger-on-lyonel-and-t"><img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-article_teaser_video" width="375" height="210" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>On Conrad Feininger: <br /><br />T. Lux Feininger’s son and Lyonel Feininger’s grandson was born in 1959. Conrad Feininger and his two brothers were raised in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He studied theatre in St. Paul, Minnesota, where he also met his wife. Conrad graduated in Lansing, Michigan and moved to Washington DC, where he is ever since working as an actor.</p><p>Video: Julia Riedhammer and Edouard Steinhauer, 2014, Bauhaus Dessau Foundation, Editing: Franka Pohl<br /><br /></p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Dessau Interview Video Mon, 16 Mar 2015 10:11:59 +0000 Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau 8843 at Bauhaus Face: Umbo <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>He is one of the most important photographers of Bauhaus and modernism, but first found his creative medium after leaving the school of design: Otto Maximilian Umbehr, also known as Umbo. Born 1902 in Duesseldorf, Umbo arrives at the Bauhaus in Weimar in autumn <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1921" title="1921">1921</a>, intending to become a painter. Here, he attends <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/lehre/vorkurs-johannes-itten" title="Preliminary Course by Johannes Itten">Johannes Itten’s preliminary course</a>. Itten’s influence on Umbo extends beyond the aesthetics of his preliminary course; it also brings him into contact with the Mazdaznan cult, a religious-ideological doctrine of physical development that promised among other things spiritual redemption. Like his spiritual guide, in <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1923" title="1923">1923 </a>Umbo, too, falls out with the director of the Bauhaus, <a href="/en/atlas/personen/walter-gropius" title="Walter Gropius">Walter Gropius</a>, and is expelled from the school because of an ironic letter and other improprieties. He spends the next three years marginalized, living below the subsistence minimum among the bohemian artists of Berlin – a period that reaches its nadir and turning point in 1926 with a collapse in the Romanisches Café. Paul Citroen, a friend from the Bauhaus days, assumes responsibility for Umbo and gives him his first camera. Together, the two of them experiment with portrait photography and Umbo discovers photography as his artistic medium. He soon begins to develop his own photographic aesthetic. Umbo’s innovative photographs of the faces of Berlin’s bohemian milieu or of urban scenes soon make his reputation as an avant-garde photographer. In 1928 Otto Umbehr becomes one of the main photographers of the Deutscher Fotodienst (Dephot), the foremost photo agency of the Weimar era. Here, he also makes a name for himself as a ‘pioneer of modern photo reportage’ (Molderings, 1996, p. 132). When Gropius leaves the Bauhaus in <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1928" title="1928">1928</a>, Umbo is briefly considered as a teacher for the new <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/werkstaetten/fotografie" title="Photography">photography class</a>; the job goes to <a href="/en/atlas/personen/walter-peterhans" title="Walter Peterhans">Walter Peterhans </a>and Umbehr instead becomes a specialist subject teacher for photography at Johannes Itten’s Moderne Kunstschule in Berlin.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-umbo" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Umbo (Otto Umbehr): &quot;Selbst /Self&quot;, December 1926 © Phyllis Umbehr / Galerie Kicken / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2015" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="311" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-umbo"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>After the National Socialists come to power, Umbo remains in Germany working as a photojournalist, but the photos he takes are artistically – and politically – inconsequential. In WWII he works as a war reporter for the photo journalSignal, which is distributed outside Germany and promoted by the chief of the propaganda department of the German Wehrmacht. Later, he becomes a driver. In 1943 Umbo’s entire archive of 50,000-60,000 negatives and photographs is completely destroyed in an air raid on Berlin; most of his life’s work is thereby irretrievably lost.</p><p>In the years immediately after the war, Umbo attempts to resume his work in Hanover and photographs returning German soldiers and everyday life in post-war Germany forDer Spiegeland others – without success. In the mid-1950s he ends all his creative work and works as an office messenger, store man, packer and cash custodian at the Kestnergesellschaft of Hanover. In the late-1970s, in the course of the reassessment of photography as an art form with an own aesthetic value, galleries, art historians and collectors also became interested in Umbo’s work. The belated fame that this rediscovery brought resulted in exhibitions and sales of Umbo’s work and thereby also a few more financially secure years. Otto Umbehr died on 13 May 1980 in Hanover.</p><p> </p><p>References:</p><p>• Cord Riechelmann: Vom Bauhaus nach Hannover. In: bauhaus 4: Photo, Bauhaus Dessau Foundation (ed.), December 2012, pp. 63-72</p><p>• Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen (pub.): Vom Bauhaus zum Bildjournalismus: Umbo, 1995</p><p>• Herbert Molderings: Umbo: Otto Umbehr 1902–1980. Richter Verlag Duesseldorf, 1996</p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Weimar Tue, 10 Mar 2015 10:02:07 +0000 Gesine Bahr 8839 at Apply now: Bauhaus Lab 2015 and IKEA Bauhaus Summer 2015 <div class="field field-type-text field-field-news-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Young people come to Bauhaus: Bauhaus Dessau Foundation again hosts two interesting educational programs in 2015. From 4th May to 9th August, <a href="" target="_blank">Bauhaus Lab 2015 </a>„Cracks in the Curtain Wall – Beyond an Architecture of Cleanliness“ is focussing on the new material culture of modern architecture, regarding one rather neglected aspect: cleaning. Young professionals in architecture, design, fine arts and curatorial practice may apply until 31st March. Current design ideas for living and working in the Masters’ Houses are sought at this year’s <a href="" target="_blank">IKEA Bauhaus Summer</a> „Newly Furnished“ (3rd August – 31st October). During a three-month designer residency and a three-week summer workshop, minimal interventions for Masters’ house Muche/Schlemmer will be developed.  Young teams of two to four graduates or young professionals from the fields of interior design, art, design and architecture are invited to apply until 12th April.</p> </div> </div> </div> Dessau Education Fri, 13 Feb 2015 13:49:59 +0000 Redaktion 8826 at Bauhaus Face: Anni Albers <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Anni Albers’ career as an artist begins like the archetypal life story of a Bauhausler: In <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1922" title="1922">1922</a>, still known as Anneliese Elsa Frieda Fleischmann (born 1899), she arrives at the Bauhaus in Weimar, where she aims to complete the studies that she began at the School of Arts and Crafts in Hamburg in 1919 and become a fine artist. She attends the preliminary course and then joins the <a href="/en/atlas/werke/weaving-workshop" title="Weaving Workshop">weaving workshop</a> in 1923. The young lady from a bourgeois home in Berlin then fulfils her artistic ambitions at the loom. Her success is unparalleled, perhaps also because she discovers in the strict grid of the loom a stability that she failed to find in free painting and certainly in the early Bauhaus with its “great confusion” and “extensive inquiry on all sides” (interview with Anni Albers, 1968, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution). In her designs for industrial mass production and her unique weavings, Anni Albers proves her prowess at the loom and her proficiency with textiles. In <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1930" title="1930">1930</a> she completes her Bauhaus Diploma with a sound-absorbing, light-reflecting curtain made from cotton and cellophane, which is installed in the auditorium of <a href="/en/atlas/personen/hannes-meyer" title="Hannes Meyer">Hannes Meyer</a>’s <a href="/en/atlas/werke/trade-union-school-of-adgb" title="Trade Union School of ADGB">trade union school in Bernau</a>. When <a href="/en/atlas/personen/gunta-stoelzl" title="Gunta Stölzl">Gunta Stölzl</a> leaves the Bauhaus in 1931 in the wake of a rebellion in the weaving workshop, Anni Albers takes over as head of the workshop, thereby becoming one of the few women to hold such a position.<br /><br />At the Bauhaus, her life hits the right track in more ways than one: Here, she not only gets to explore the loom’s diverse possibilities, but also meets and falls for her life partner. The two marry in 1925 and the rebellious Anneliese Fleischmann becomes Anni Albers, wife of the Bauhaus master <a href="/en/atlas/personen/josef-albers" title="Josef Albers">Josef Albers</a>. Artistically, they shared above all else a life-long fascination with abstraction. Anni Albers’s interest in abstraction was piqued by another Bauhaus master, <a href="/en/atlas/personen/paul-klee" title="Paul Klee">Paul Klee</a>, though not through his lessons as much as “through observing what he did with a line, a point or a stroke of the paintbrush, and I tried to some extent to find my own direction through my own material and my own artistic discipline” (interview with Anni Albers, 1968, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution).</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-anni-albers" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Umbo (Otto Umbehr): Portrait Anni Albers, 1929 © VG Bild-Kunst Bonn 2015, Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="320" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-anni-albers"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>From now on, the couple are rarely parted. In 1928 they both move from their studio flats in the Prellerhaus into one half of a duplex in the complex of Masters’ Houses, and in 1932 from the Bauhaus Dessau to the Bauhaus in Berlin. When the National Socialists come to power in 1933, they emigrate to the USA. Josef Albers had been appointed as a lecturer at the renowned <a href="/en/atlas/ort/black-mountain-college-museum-arts-center_1444" title="Black Mountain College Museum &amp; Arts Center">Black Mountain College </a>and Anni, while still working on her weaving and writing, likewise began to teach there from 1939. In 1949 Josef and Anni Albers left Black Mountain College and moved to Connecticut. Anni Albers continued to work on her textile designs, weaving and writing and later also drawing. She and her husband made numerous journeys to Mexico and South America from the 1930s to the 1970s, and these were an important source of inspiration for her multifaceted creative work. Here, in the countries where abstraction originated, Anni Albers studied traditional weaving patterns and techniques. In 1965 she published the results of her forays into the theory and practice of weaving, its history and significance, in the seminal book “On Weaving”.<br /><br />Anni Albers continued to work on textile designs and with printing techniques up to her death in 1994. She was the first female textile artist to have a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art New York (1949); a number of further exhibitions followed. Anni Albers received numerous awards for her work, as well as an honorary doctorate.<br /><br /><br />References:<br /><a href="" target="_blank"></a><br /><a href="" target="_blank"></a><br />Brenda Danilowitz „The rigorous and the other“ in: Bauhaus magazine, issue 5, (pub. Bauhaus Dessau Foundation), June 2013</p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Mon, 19 Jan 2015 08:11:27 +0000 Gesine Bahr 8772 at Bauhaus Face: Herbert von Arend <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Herbert von Arend was born in 1910 in Qingdao, China, the son of a German merchant family. When WWII shifted the balance of power shifted in the seaport, until then controlled by the German Empire, the von Arend family were expelled from China. Back in Germany, Herbert von Arend attended the higher vocational school (Oberrealschule) in Muenster, Westphalia from 1921 to 1928. He showed an early interest in drawing, painting and working with textiles; art teacher Leo Burgholz therefore encouraged him to study at the Bauhaus.</p><p>Von Arend enrolled at the <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/idee/bauhaus-dessau" title="Bauhaus Dessau">Bauhaus Dessau</a> in the summer term of <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1928" title="1928">1928</a>. He began his studies in <a href="/en/atlas/personen/josef-albers" title="Josef Albers">Josef Albers</a>’s <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/lehre/Vorkurs-josef-albers" title="Preliminary Course by Josef Albers">preliminary course</a>. After one term of basic training, he chose to join the <a href="/en/atlas/das-bauhaus/werkstaetten/weberei" title="Weaving">weaving workshop</a> – one of the few male students to do so. He also attended the free painting classes tutored by <a href="/en/atlas/personen/paul-klee" title="Paul Klee">Paul Klee</a> and <a href="/en/atlas/personen/wassily-kandinsky" title="Wassily Kandinsky">Wassily Kandinsky</a> (up to the winter term of 1930/31) and participated in the two ‘Junge Bauhausmaler’ (Young Bauhaus painters) exhibitions in Weimar, Jena, Erfurt and Berlin.<br /> <br />In <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1931" title="1931">1931</a>, the students in the weaving classes rebelled against the pedagogical leadership style of the workshop’s head, <a href="/en/atlas/personen/gunta-stoelzl" title="Gunta Stölzl">Gunta Stölzl</a>; von Arend, along with <a href="/en/atlas/personen/margaretha-reichardt" title="Margaretha Reichardt">Grete Reichardt</a> and Ilse Voigt, was one of the ringleaders. In September 1931, as a result the revolt in the weaving workshop and other hostilities, Stölzl left the Bauhaus. Reichardt, Voigt and von Arend were temporarily expelled. Von Arend forwent his Bauhaus Diploma and, in 1932, passed his apprenticeship certification examination at the Chamber of Crafts of Galuchau, Saxony, qualifying as a hand weaver.</p><p>In 1933 von Arend abruptly abandoned his artistic career. He started work as a weaver on mechanised looms in the textile industry, then became a soldier and subsequently an officer in the Wehrmacht. He married in 1939. Following military service and a period as a prisoner of war in Russia, from which he returned in 1949, for the next two years he took a number of odd jobs, among other things in forestry and in tube drawing in the metal industry. In 1952 von Arend finally returned to his creative work, doing so alongside his main occupation as a tax officer at the revenue office in Schleiden-Gemünd, Eifel. After retiring in 1972 von Arend devoted himself entirely to his art, acquired a high-warp loom and, in 1973, started to weave again. In his special issue symbol. zeitschrift für bildende kunst und lyrik (symbol. journal for visual art and verse), published in 1981, he writes, “i like to describe my work as creative weaving. my starting point was a small woven piece that i made at the bauhaus in dessau in 1931.” Almost all of Herbert von Arend’s pre-war work was misplaced in the tumult of war – except for this woven work, titled “zwischen rot und blau” (between red and blue), which he made in the weaving class. He was encouraged to do so by Emil Bert Hartwig, with whom he experimented in the weaving workshop.</p><p></p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-herbert-von-arend" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Herbert von Arend: zwischen rot und blau, Bauhaus Dessau 1931" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="313" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-herbert-von-arend"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Von Arend’s catalogue raisonné lists around 2,600 works on paper executed in a range of drawing, painting and mixed and graphic techniques. It includes 30 woven works – woven images, rugs and tapestries, most of them larger format works measuring up to 210 x 75 cm. In addition to the exhibition ‘Arbeiten aus der Weberei des Bauhauses’ (Works from the weaving workshop of the Bauhaus) shown in 1964 in the Bauhaus-Archiv Darmstadt, von Arend’s work was shown from 1972 to 1999 in a range of solo and group exhibitions in North Rhine-Westphalia, Weimar, Dessau, Paris and Liège. Herbert von Arend died in April 2001 in Schleiden, Eifel. In 2014, the Heinrich Neuy Bauhaus Museum in Steinfurt-Borghorst devoted a solo exhibition to the artist, showing his works on paper and a tapestry.</p><p>References:<br />Wolfgang Wangler (Ed.): symbol. herbert von arend. zeitschrift für bildende Kunst und lyrik nr. 36. Cologne, 1981; herbert von arend. werkverzeichnis. Mokossa Druck und Medien GmbH, Gelsenkirchen, 1996; Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon - AKL V, 1992, p. 18.</p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Mon, 22 Dec 2014 07:00:37 +0000 Burckhard Kieselbach 8753 at Bauhaus Face: Heinrich Neuy <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Heinrich Neuy was born on 27 July 1911 in Kevelaer in the Lower Rhine region. From 1925 to 1928 he completed an apprenticeship in his father’s carpentry workshop. Encouraged by the landscape painter Josef Pauels, at the same time he began to produce figurative architectural, landscape and portrait studies. After his apprenticeship Neuy attended the School of Applied Art and Craft in Krefeld (until 1930). In the spirit of the school, his first furniture and interior designs are distinguished by a rigorous functionality and clarity of design.</p><p>Impressed by his visit to the exhibition ‘10 Jahre Bauhaus’ (10 Years of Bauhaus) at the Folkwang Museum in Essen, Heinrich Neuy enrolled at the <a href="/atlas/das-bauhaus/idee/bauhaus-dessau" title="Bauhaus Dessau">Bauhaus Dessau</a> in the summer term of <a href="/atlas/jahre/1930" title="1930">1930</a>. Here, the 19-year old initially studied under <a href="/atlas/personen/josef-albers" title="Josef Albers">Josef Albers</a> as master of works, under <a href="/atlas/personen/wassily-kandinsky" title="Wassily Kandinsky">Wassily Kandinsky</a> (creative design, abstract form elements and analytical drawing) and under <a href="/atlas/personen/joost-schmidt" title="Joost Schmidt">Joost Schmidt</a> (typography and life drawing). Having completed the preliminary course, Neuy opted to join the department of architecture and interior design, attending courses and seminars in architecture with <a href="/atlas/personen/ludwig-mies-van-der-rohe" title="Ludwig Mies van der Rohe">Mies van der Rohe</a>, town planning with <a href="/atlas/personen/ludwig-hilberseimer" title="Ludwig Hilberseimer">Ludwig Hilbersheimer</a>, interior design with <a href="/atlas/personen/lilly-reich" title="Lilly Reich">Lilly Reich</a>, colour with <a href="/atlas/personen/hinnerk-scheper" title="Hinnerk Scheper">Hinnerk Scheper</a> and psychology with Karlfried Graf von Dürckheim. In March <a href="/atlas/jahre/1932" title="1932">1932</a> he was granted leave for a term of practical work experience, but owing to the political changes underway, he did not return to the Bauhaus thereafter.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-heinrich-neuy" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="I.D. card for Bauhaus Dessau Heinrich Neuy, 1930, Photo: Fritz Kuhr HeinrichNeuyBauhausMuseum, Steinfurt-Borghorst" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="324" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/bauhaus-face-heinrich-neuy"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Instead, Neuy returned to his carpentry apprenticeship in his father’s workshop and became a master carpenter. He married in 1937, took over his father-in-law’s carpentry workshop in Borghorst and set up a furniture and arts and crafts business, where he accepted private commissions as well as public contracts for the municipality of Borghorst.</p><p>From 1940 to 1944 Heinrich Neuy served in the Luftwaffe, became a prisoner of war and was interned in various camps in the USA. During this period he developed a number of design projects for the camp organisers, sketched portraits of his fellow prisoners and kept a sketchbook of architectural and town planning designs. In 1946 he was transferred to England, where, thanks to the help of a Scottish medical officer in a military hospital, he gained the opportunity and means to return to abstract painting.</p><p>In October 1946 Neuy returned to Borghorst, where he continued to run his carpentry workshop and his furniture and arts and crafts business. He began to take on apprentices once again and thereby adopted an open-minded approach to education, taking on numerous girls as carpentry apprentices and rising to the particular challenge of giving socially disadvantaged young people a new sense of direction. He continued to teach apprentices until 1989 when, at the age of 78, he handed over the carpentry workshop to his grandson.</p><p>That same year, Heinrich Neuy opened a gallery in his old carpentry workshop, now redeveloped, and devoted himself entirely to his creative work. In 1991 he was awarded the Culture Prize of the city of Steinfurt and, in 1996, the Culture Prize of the district of Steinfurt. A school in Borghorst was named in his honour in 2001. Heinrich Neuy died in Steinfurt-Borghorst on 24 March 2003.</p><p>Heinrich Neuy began to exhibit again in 1960, participating in numerous group and solo exhibitions in Germany and in Amsterdam, Helsinki, Minsk and Tokyo and in group exhibitions worldwide with the Bauhaus-Archiv. In 1994 the retrospective ‘Heinrich Neuy, Malerei und Grafik’ was shown at the Bauhaus Dessau and in Muenster.</p><p>In 2011 after a lengthy process of restoration and expansion, the Heinrich Neuy Stiftung (Heinrich Neuy foundation) opened the <a href="" target="_blank">HeinrichNeuyBauhausMuseum</a> in the historic Stiftskurienhaus (built 1668). The museum is dedicated to the design doctrine of the Bauhaus and exhibits concepts and works from the fields of art, design and architecture. A series of solo and group exhibitions primarily present the work of Heinrich Neuy and other Bauhauslers and Bauhaus tutors.</p><p><br />References:<br />heinrich neuy, Annegret Rittmann, (Ed.): Bauhaus Dessau Verlag, 1994<br />Heinrich Neuy, Werner Friedrich, Tecklenborg Verlag, 2001<br /></p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Mon, 15 Dec 2014 08:38:39 +0000 Burckhard Kieselbach 8751 at Mies, the Prince and the carbuncle <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>The final opus of <a href="/en/atlas/personen/ludwig-mies-van-der-rohe" title="Ludwig Mies van der Rohe">Ludwig Mies van der Rohe</a>, the twentieth century’s most illustrious architect, was the 1969 Mansion House Square project in London. It was never realised. There is therefore no Mansion House Square either – just a junction, where eight roads converge. Here, we find the Classicist Mansion House (built 1739-52), seat of the Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Bank of England with its windowless ground floor (built 1925-39) and, adjacent to it, another high-profile building, the Royal Exchange (completed 1844). The Mansion House and the Royal Exchange are both fronted by grand, pillared porticos.</p><p>Mies’s project could have stood in the thick of all this, at No. 1 Poultry, named after the road that approaches the junction to the right of Mansion House at an acute angle – had, that is, the building project been carried out. Mies van der Rohe’s design was based on a smaller version of his Seagram Building in New York – a vertical block of steel and glass with a bronze-toned facade – but this time just 20 storeys high rather than New York’s 38. Nonetheless, it was a typical Mies building. In front of the building, the Mansion House Square from which Mies’s project derived its name was to be first created by the demolition of the listed building that occupied the space. Under the square, Mies had planned for a subterranean shopping arcade, leading to the existing Underground station.</p><p>Mies was commissioned to develop the London project by Peter Palumbo in 1962. Palumbo, who was born in 1935 and held significant assets, which he, like his father and grandfather before him, sought to enhance by way of property projects, was a great fan of the esteemed architect. Palumbo bought Mies’s <a href="" target="_blank">Farnsworth House</a> in 1972; the multi-millionaire also accumulated architectural icons by other modernists, such as Frank Lloyd Wright or Le Corbusier.</p><p>Mies took the project extremely seriously, although it was evident that he would not live to see the building realised – after all, some of the plots required would not have become available until the early Eighties, the decade in which he would have reached his 100th birthday. Nonetheless, when Mies submitted his detailed plans in 1969, the City of London Corporation gave a basically positive assessment of the project. At the time the skyscraper, in proportion with its surroundings and with the Mansion House Square in front of it, was seen as an asset for the City of London. Moreover, at a public exhibition of the plans in the Royal Exchange in 1968, the majority of visitors were in favour of Mies’s project. The square in front of Mies’s skyscraper would have not only opened up and therefore enhanced Mansion House, but also closed the distance between the new square and the church located one block away, St. Stephen Walbrook (built 1672-79), built by the architect who played such an important role in shaping London, Sir Christopher Wren (1632 - 1723).</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/mies-the-prince-and-the-carbuncle" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="So hätte der Londoner Mansion House Square aussehen können, wäre Mies&#039; Entwurf verwirklicht worden: Fotomontage von John Donat, 1983 (c) John Donat / RIBA Library Photographs Collection" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="435" height="285" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/mies-the-prince-and-the-carbuncle"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>In 1982, when Palumbo had acquired all the necessary plots of land, he resubmitted the Mies project for approval. But in the meantime, the Zeitgeist had changed. Many of the buildings in the area were by now listed and, most notably, modernism had lost considerable ground, also in Britain. The condemnation of modern architecture as an urban catastrophe owed much to one person, who wielded great influence: the Prince of Wales. In 1984, Price Charles spoke to the <a href="" target="_blank">Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA)</a> about Richard Rogers’s proposed extension to the National Gallery on Trafalgar Square and fulminated against its design, which had already been accepted by the jury, calling it a “monstrous carbuncle in the face of a much-loved and elegant friend”. The so-called “Carbuncle speech” has since gone down in history and, in Britain, the ominous expression has become a familiar phrase in the world of modern architecture. The Prince of Wales was and is not only the most prominent critic of modernism in the UK; he is also a propagandist and protégé of what has become known as New Urbanism. This type of architecture aspires to salvage the urban identity of the city by returning to pre-modern, traditional forms.</p><p>In the same “Carbuncle speech”, the Prince also commented on his friend and polo team-mate Peter Palumbo’s plans for a skyscraper opposite Mansion House: “It would be a tragedy if the character and the skyline of our capital city were to be further ruined and St. Paul’s dwarfed by yet another giant glass stump, better suited to downtown Chicago than the City of London”. It is possible that Charles also intervened behind the scenes in relation to No. 1 Poultry. The Secretary of State for the Environment, Patrick Jenkin, finally rejected Mies’s plans in 1985 when, suddenly, the plans would have no longer been in keeping with the city. Fault was found above all with the lack of deference to the historic cityscape. Although there had been skyscrapers in London for some time, the proximity to Mansion House and the other historic buildings was now an argument against Mies, much the same as the opening up by means of the new square in the Sixties was seen as an improvement of the city.</p><p>Palumbo responded to the rejection of the modernist Mies project in a businesslike manner and now put forward an alternative postmodern design by the British architect James Stirling. Ironically, Stirling did not live to see his plans realised either. Mies died in 1969, Stirling in 1992; No. 1 Poultry was however completed only in 1998.<br />The postmodern Stirling building with its pink-striped facade, the forefront of which pushes into the junction like the bow of a steamer complete with navigating bridge, also suffered under Price Charles’s merciless eye. His Royal Highness intimated that the building brought to mind a “1930s wireless”. Nevertheless, it was built and has since then occupied the spot on the corner with Queen Victoria Street, where the Neo-Gothic building of the jewellers Mappin &amp; Webb, dating from 1870, once stood. There were vociferous protests against this building’s demolition in 1994. However, the historic Magistrates’ Court opposite, which occupied the site where Mies wanted to built his Mansion House Square, remained standing.</p><p>And the moral of the story? The world turns and the Zeitgeist shifts in accord. Today, Mies’s skyscraper would be no more than a small detail in the London skyline. The city has long been home to a whole array of skyscrapers and their number is growing. Right now, the highest building stands at over 300 metres (The Shard, by Renzo Piano, was opened in 2012; including its steel tip, it is 310 metres high). If Mies van der Rohe’s Mansion House Square project had in fact been built, by now it would itself be historic and, in its typical Mies-style perfection of form, an icon of architectural modernism of the first order. When all’s said and done, modernism, too, has in the meantime become classical.</p><p><br />LITERATURE:<br />Peter Carter: Mies at Work, New York, 1974<br />Jane Margaret Jacobs: The Politics of the Past: Redevelopment in London, London, 1990</p> </div> </div> </div> Architektur Historie Thu, 27 Nov 2014 08:21:53 +0000 Ronald Berg 8749 at Oskar Schlemmer - Visions of a New World <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>The Large State Exhibition 2014, featuring "Oskar Schlemmer: Visions of a New World" (21th November 2014 to 6th April 2015) will be the first comprehensive retrospective of the artist since almost forty years.Based on its own extensive holdings, not least also the documents from the in-house Schlemmer archive, as well as prominent loan items from museum – Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin among others – and private possession, the Staatsgalerie has researched the high ethnic and artistic aspirations of <a href="/en/atlas/personen/oskar-schlemmer" title="Oskar Schlemmer">Oskar Schlemmer</a> (1888-1943). The ambivalence of his vision of a new world, which on the one hand is aimed at metaphysical-religious spheres and on the other hand relies on the world-changing power of art, the view and analysis of the reform efforts of his time. The exhibition of works is chronologically and thematically structured in six sections which feature approximately 250 paintings, watercolours, drawings, sculptures, photographs and the original costumes of the "Triadic Ballet" still preserved in the Staatsgalerie. </p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/oskar-schlemmer-visions-of-a-new-world" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Oskar Schlemmer, Figurine zum Triadischen Ballett (Der Abstrakte), 1922, verschiedene Materialien, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Leihgabe der Freunde der Staatsgalerie" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="320" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/oskar-schlemmer-visions-of-a-new-world"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>Schlemmer's early work is characterised by his studies at Stuttgart Academy and the confrontation with the European avant-garde. His knowledge was promoted through a stay in Berlin during 1911/12 and the acquaintanceship with Herwarth Walden as well as visits to his gallery "Der Sturm".</p><p>In <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1921" title="1921">1921</a>, Schlemmer is appointed to a position at the Bauhaus in Weimar, where as "master of form" he is responsible for stone sculpture and mural art and from 1923 on also for the theatre workshop. His most important work at stagecraft, the "<a href="/en/atlas/werke/plan-of-figurines-for-the-triadic-ballet" title="Plan of figurines for the Triadic Ballet">Triadic Ballet</a>", is premiered in 1922 at the Würrtemberg Regional Theatre in Stuttgart and is regarded as an incunable of dance. Rigid costumes forcing the body to marionette-like movement lead to the concept of avant-garde dancing liberated from historical ballast. In the course of the Bauhaus relocation to Dessau in 1925, as director of the <a href="/en/atlas/werke/bauhaus-stage" title="Bauhaus Stage">Bauhaus theatre workshop</a> Schlemmer receives numerous orders for scenic design of operas and ballets. He celebrates trans-regional successes with the "Bauhaus dances", in which dancers wear jerseys and masks instead of extravagangt costumers ans sound out elementary body-space relationships.</p><p>From <a href="/en/atlas/jahre/1928" title="1928">1928</a> Schlemmer works on deisgns for the Fountain Room at Folkwang Museum in Essen. He increasingly focuses on the athletic figure which is correlated with abstract geometrical shapes. The design series in oil on canvas as well as mural-high pastels on transparent paper from the Staatsgalerie collection uniquely document Schlemmer's largest commissioned work. The implemented series was removed from the museum in 1933 by the National Socialists and is said to be missing. After Schlemmer's switch in 1929 to the State Academy for Art and Apploed Arts in Breslau, important paintings emerge, which show multifigured human architectures with echoes of sports events as well as complexly staggered balustrade scenes. The artist comments on the 1932 closure of the Bauhaus with his programmatic painting "Bauhaus Stairway"(today exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York). When Schlemmer is dismissed from the teaching position and branded as "degenerate" artist in 1933, more somber paintings emerge, and shortly before his death "Window Pictures" which observe the life of others from the distance of an outsider. The artist now earns his livelihood with commercial paintings. In 1940 he receives a final mural order for a private house in Stuttgart.</p><p>The exhibition –curated by Dr. Ina Conzen – pays tribute to the visionary achievement of this pioneer of a modern understanding of the world that reconciles technology and art, human beings and civilisation as well as body and mind. And also the tragedy of this understanding of the world, in which dimension, number and law could hardly serve as bulwark against totalitarism any longer after the takeover by the National Socialists in 1933.</p><p></p><p>More to read: Issue #6 "Schlemmer" of Bauhaus Dessau Foundations Magazine "bauhaus" is dedicated to Oskar Schlemmer. With contributions by Karin von Maur, Ina Conzen, Gerda Breuer, Peter Raue, BlexBolex and others.</p> </div> </div> </div> Ausstellung Bauhaus-Köpfe Malerei Mon, 17 Nov 2014 12:03:04 +0000 Staatsgalerie Stuttgart 8742 at In Reserve: Concerning the Architecture of the Reservoir <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text-upper"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>What do “architectures of storage” like grain silos and warehouses reveal about past and present assumptions in agriculture and food production? What role do safekeeping and stockpiling play in the modern household? In an era of profitability, optimization and worldwide resource shortage, how and where should commodities be stored and saved in the agronomy of the 21st century? The Bauhaus Dessau Foundation’s Bauhaus Lab 2014 addressed these and other questions about the relation between architecture and agriculture under the title “In Reserve: Concerning the Architecture of the Reservoir” within the framework of a three-month research program.</p><p>The results will now be presented on November 14th as part of a final presentation and an exhibition, which will be on view in the Bauhaus Building in Dessau until January 5th, 2015. The director of the Swiss Architecture Museum, Hubertus Adam, and Nis Romer, lecturer at the Danish Kunsthøjskolen i Holbæk, will be attending the Lab’s final presentation as guest critics. The Bauhaus Lab is a postgraduate program for architectural research that sees itself as a platform for collaborative learning, research and design. The Lab took place for the second time in 2014, under the direction of Dr. Regina Bittner, with seven selected international participants from various disciplines.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/in-reserve-concerning-the-architecture-of-the-reservoir" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Exhibition Poster" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="435" height="300" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/in-reserve-concerning-the-architecture-of-the-reservoir"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>The starting point for the program was a historical visual dialogue: In his 1925 book “International Architecture,” Walter Gropius published American grain silos in Buffalo alongside the Masters’ Houses in Dessau. He shared a fascination for the monumental buildings on Lake Erie with Le Corbusier and Erich Mendelsohn. The architects of Neues Bauen associated American grain silos with the expression “neuer Formwillen,” a new formal intention, but they were interested in neither the function of the buildings nor their role in the industrialization of agriculture and global grain trade.</p><p>The exhibition begins with Buffalo. Using historical documents and diagrams, the large grain silos are introduced as agents of the modernization of food production. Today’s residents of Silo City, silo operators, and tourist guides alike also have their say, as they were interviewed by Lab participants during their excursion to Buffalo. To what extent these radical changes in the production and storage of grain directly altered the domestic sphere is the subject of the second part of the exhibition. The radical division between the production and consumption of food has transformed household inventory practices. Looking at examples of new items for kitchen storage – like Tupperware containers or the pouring bins designed in 1927 by Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky for the revolutionary Frankfurt Kitchen – the exhibition tells of the transformation in domestic storage.</p><p>In the third part of the exhibition, the Bauhaus Lab reflects contemporary policies of storage by presenting examples that include global seed banks – vast cereal, rice, soybean reservoirs that, in our world of international agricultural industry, are intended to ensure the survival of mankind in times of climate disasters, scarcity of resources, and genetically modified foodstuffs. Thus the Bauhaus Lab also seeks to contribute to critical rethinking of the relationship between architecture and agriculture.</p><p>The exhibition “In Reserve: Architectures of the Reservoir” also points to the international Household Trade Fair taking place in the coming year in the Masters’ Houses, where stockpiling and storage will be one of the thematic focal points of the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation’s interdisciplinary art and research project “Householding.”</p><p>Team Bauhaus Lab 2014: Dr. Regina Bittner, Michael Zinganel, Dr. Katja Szymczak, Philline Schneider</p><p>Participants Bauhaus Lab 2014: Christopher McDonnell (Ireland); Dan Dorocic (Canada); Irina Goryacheva (Russia); Jennifer Heinfeld (USA); Alison Hugill (Canada), Sophia Branco (Portugal); Iris Lacoudre(France)</p> </div> </div> </div> Dessau Education Exhibition Mon, 10 Nov 2014 10:46:58 +0000 Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau 8735 at Sensing the Future: László Moholy-Nagy, the media and the arts <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-extrabild"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/sensing-the-future-laszlo-moholy-nagy-the-media-and-the-arts" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full imagecache-linked imagecache-article_full_linked"><img src="" alt="" title="Portrait of László Moholy-Nagy, 1926, photo: Lucia Moholy Photo Credit: Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin" class="imagecache imagecache-article_full" width="348" height="435" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-emvideo field-field-article-video"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/en/magazin/artikel/sensing-the-future-laszlo-moholy-nagy-the-media-and-the-arts"></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-article-text"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>The Bauhaus-Archiv in Berlin is presenting an exhibition starting on 8 October 2014 on the complex media art of the famous Constructivist and Bauhaus teacher <a href="/en/atlas/personen/laszlo-moholy-nagy" title="László Moholy-Nagy">László Moholy-Nagy</a> (1895–1946). As a pioneer of multimedia and conceptual art, Moholy-Nagy was one of the twentieth century’s most influential artists. His practical and theoretical engagement with the interactions between the various media and the senses and his experimental use of new media have continued to inspire artists and media theorists right down to the present day. In addition to works by Moholy-Nagy dating from the 1920s to the 1940s, ‘Sensing the Future: László Moholy-Nagy, the Media and the Arts’ will also be presenting works by numerous contemporary artists who have taken up Moholy-Nagy’s ideas, showing his continuing relevance. Some 300 exhibits – ranging from paintings and sculptures, photos, photograms and graphic works to films and stage designs, light and sound installations, tactile boards, manual sculptures and publications – provide multisensory approaches to Moholy-Nagy’s work. The exhibition is accompanied by an extensive supporting programme and is accessible for the blind and visually impaired and for wheelchair users. </p><p></p> </div> </div> </div> Bauhaus Faces Berlin Exhibition Wed, 01 Oct 2014 13:17:46 +0000 Bauhaus-Archiv/Museum für Gestaltung, Berlin 8721 at