Bauhaus Chess Set (Model XVI)
Josef Hartwig‘s chess set (Model XVI) fulfilled Walter Gropius’s requirement that an object must be practical, durable, inexpensive and beautiful. Hartwig, master of works at the Weimar wood and stone sculpture workshop, reduced the forms of his chess set to crosses, squares and circles, which consistently demonstrate the playing direction of the figures.
Bernhard, Peter: “Constructivism and ‘Essence Research’ in Design: The Bauhaus Chess Set” in: Bauhaus: A Conceptual Model, publ. by Bauhaus Archive Berlin / Museum for Design, Bauhaus Dessau Foundation and Weimar Classic Foundation, Exhibition Catalogue, Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz, 2009, pg. 185ff.