1932

At the city council meeting, the motion by the NSDAP to close the Bauhaus and dismiss its teaching staff is accepted with just four votes against (Communist Party of Germany (KDP, 3), Lord Mayor Hesse (1)) and an abstention by the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).

Bauhaus Lily Reich appointed as head of the interior design department. Mounting political conflicts among the students. A group of Bauhaus students daub communist party slogans on Wassily Kandinsky’s house.

Oskar Schlemmer paintings exhibited at the Bauhaus.

Completion and handing over of a refreshment kiosk built for a Dessau owner close to the Masters’ Houses (designer: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, site manager: Eduard Ludwig)

Architect Paul Schultze-Naumburg, Prime Minister Freyberg, council leader Hofmann and a Mr. Sommer (NSDAP) visit the Bauhaus in the company of Lord Mayor Fritz Hesse. A few days later the NSDAP in Dessau initiates a motion for the closure of the Bauhaus. The students petition newspapers and the President of the Reich.

Councillors led by Fritz Hesse visit the Bauhaus. Architect Theodor Fischer of Munich publishes an article calling for the preservation of the Bauhaus. The council meeting approves the NSDAP motion for the closure of the Bauhaus and the dismissal of the teaching staff with only four votes against (KPD 3, Lord Mayor  Hesse 1) and the SPD abstaining. Mayor Hofmeister forbids the Bauhaus from using lower case lettering. Mies van der Rohe holds talks on the relocation of the Bauhaus to Magdeburg or Berlin.

The Bauhaus moves to Berlin. Its new home is a former telephone factory in Siemensstraße in the borough of Steglitz. In talks with the city of Dessau, Mies van der Rohe manages to secure the rights to the Bauhaus name and license revenues. The Bauhaus in Berlin is now Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s private school.

Politics Reich presidential elections: Hindenburg 18 million votes, Hitler 11 million votes, Thälmann 5 million votes.

Hindenburg dismisses chancellor Brüning.

Franz von Papen administration (centrist) is appointed; Hindenburg dissolves the Reichstag.

Lausanne conference: reparations concluded with a final payment of 3 billion Reichsmark.

Reichstag elections: NSDAP 230, conservative parties 37, national liberals 7, other liberals 4, centrists 97, social democrats 133, communists 89, others 11 seats.

Hindenburg rejects Hitler as chancellor.

Reichstag dissolved.

Reichstag elections: NSDAP 196, conservative parties 52, national liberals 11, other liberals 2, centrists 90, social democrats 121, communists 100, others 12 seats.

Kurt von Schleicher becomes chancellor. Armament restrictions in the Treaty of Versailles abolished.

Science and technology Discovery of the neutron and deuterium; Auguste Piccard ascends to 16,940 m in a hot air balloon; socioeconomic theory of art by Max Raphael.

Literature "Little Man, What Now?" by Hans Fallada; "Brave New World" by Aldous Huxley.

Theatre and music "Moses und Aaron" by Arnold Schönberg.

Film "Misère au Borinage" by Joris Ivens and Henri Storck; "Kuhle Wampe/Who Owns the World?" by Slatan Dudow; first Venice film festival.

Arts Surrealist exhibition in New York; major Picasso retrospective in Zurich.

Architecture “The International Style” exhibition in New York; Frank Lloyd Wright sets up the Taliesin fellowship.