1931

The NSDAP leads its campaign with calls to deprive the Bauhaus of all funding and demolish its building. It becomes the strongest party in Dessau.

Bauhaus Paul Klee takes up a post at the Düsseldorf Academy.

The workshops and architecture department are merged to become the building and interior design department.

Gunta Stölzl leaves the Bauhaus; Anni Albers stands in as head of the weaving workshop.

Gret Palucca dances in the auditorium of the Bauhaus Building.

Council elections in Dessau; the NSDAP leads its campaign with calls to deprive the Bauhaus of all funding and demolish its building; the NSDAP become the strongest party in Dessau.

Bauhaus concert (with Henry Cowell and others).

Politics 5 million unemployed in Germany.

Emergency laws abolish the right to demonstrate; the Darmstädter Bank and the Nationalbank collapse.

Second Brüning cabinet; far right Harzburg Front (NSDAP, DNVP, Stahlhelm). Hitler wins the support of leading German industrialists.

Mass redundancies in large-scale industry.

Science and technology Discovery of radio waves emitted from space; incompleteness theorems by Kurt Gödel; Graf Zeppelin airship flies over the Arctic.

Literature "Castle Gripsholm" by Kurt Tucholsky, "Airman’s Odyssey" by Antoine St. Exupéry, "The Captain of Köpenick" by Carl Zuckmayer.

Theatre and music Federico Garcia Lorca founds La Barraca theatre group.

Film "M" by Fritz Lang, "City lights" by Charlie Chaplin, "Frankenstein" by James Whale.

Arts Abstraction-Création group founded in Paris; Whitney Museum of American Art opens in New York.

Architecture German Building Exhibition in Berlin; Villa Savoye in Poissy by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, Empire State Building completed in New York; Berlin broadcasting centre by Hans Poelzig.