1928

Walter Gropius, László Moholy-Nagy, Herbert Bayer and Marcel Breuer leave the Bauhaus; the new director is Hannes Meyer.

Bauhaus Kandinsky exhibitions in Basel and Stuttgart.

Walter Gropius tenders his resignation. Bart-Nasen-Herzensfest (beard-nose-heart festival) held at the Bauhaus to mark its ninth anniversary.

Walter Gropius is commissioned to build a new employment office for the city of Dessau (construction work starts in May and the building is completed in May 1929). Walter Gropius’s farewell party. A group of Bauhaus members (Gunta Stölzl, Arieh Sharon and Peer Böcking) go to Moscow where they visit the state schools of art and architecture (Vkhutemas).

Official resignation of Walter Gropius. Moholy-Nagy, Herbert Bayer and Marcel Breuer leave the Bauhaus along with him. Hannes Meyer becomes Gropius’s successor at the latter’s suggestion. Hannes Meyer criticises formalist tendencies at the Bauhaus and bases it on scientific lines and the “needs of the people instead of the need for luxury”. Marianne Brandt steps in (until 1929) as head of the metal workshop. In Dessau, Mussorgsky’s Pictures At an Exhibition is performed at the Friedrich-Theater, the stage design is by Wassily Kandinsky.

Wassily Kandinsky’s painting class exhibits at the Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie (Anhalt art gallery). Oskar Schlemmer starts his course Der Mensch (the human being). The Bauhaus exhibits photographs by its members. Ernst Kallai becomes editor of the Bauhaus magazine (until 1929).

The Bauhaus Dessau is represented at an art education congress in Prague.

The weaving workshop holds an exhibition and sale of textiles at the Bauhaus.

Naum Gabo delivers a series of lectures on the principles of design.

Bauhaus members debate modern architecture, the Bauhaus and the Vkhutein (fine arts technical school, previously Vkhutemas). Lu Märten presents a paper on historical dialectics and experimentation. Mart Stam becomes a visiting lecturer (until 1929). Alcar Rudelt holds structural engineering classes at the Bauhaus (until 1933).

Politics Reichstag elections: NSDAP 12, conservative parties 73, national liberals 45, other liberals 25, centrists 78, social democrats 153, communists 54, others 51 seats.

The government decides with NSDAP support to build the battleship Panzerkreuzer A.

Science and technology Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin; first global circumnavigation by plane.

Literature "Orlando" by Virginia Woolf, "Gypsy Ballads" by Federico Garcia Lorca.

Theatre and music "Threepenny Opera" by Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht, "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel.

Film "October" by Sergei Eisenstein; first film by Walt Disney featuring Mickey Mouse; "The Heir of Genghis Khan a.k.a. Storm over Asia" by Vsevolod Pudovkin.

Arts "Dutch Interior I" by Joan Miró, "Großstadt" by Otto Dix; "Surrealism and Painting" by André Breton.

Architecture Congrès internationaux d'architecture moderne (CIAM) founded in La Sarraz, Switzerland; Rusakov Workers Club, Moscow, by Konstantin Melnikov.