1925

The city council of Dessau offers the Bauhaus a new home. The Bauhaus takes leave of Weimar with the "Kehraus-Fest" (closing party).

Bauhaus Teachers and students address a joint letter to the Thuringian government, declaring their intention to leave the Bauhaus together.

Feininger, Klee and Muche hold talks with Fritz Hesse (advised by the Federal State of Anhalt’s conservation officer Ludwig Grote) on the Bauhaus’s relocation to Dessau.

An evening of dance by Gret Palucca at the Deutsches Nationaltheater (German national theatre) in Weimar particularly impresses Klee, Kandinsky and Moholy-Nagy. Wassily Kandinsky makes analytical drawings based on photographs of Palucca’s leaps.

The Dessau city council resolves to take over the Bauhaus with the municipal administration, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the democrats in favour and the right against (26 votes to 15) the plan. The Bauhaus takes leave of Weimar with a closing party. The financial committee of the city council approves the construction of the Bauhaus Building (Walter Gropius).

Official start of classes in Dessau. With the exception of Marcks, all the masters of form move to Dessau. Former students, now junior masters, take over the workshops, thereby abolishing the subdivision of the teaching staff into masters of works and masters of form. These include Josef Albers (preliminary course), Herbert Bayer (typography), Marcel Breuer (carpentry), Hinnerk Scheper (wall painting), Joost Schmidt (sculpture) and Gunta Stölzl (weaving). Classes are held at the municipal school of applied arts and crafts pending the completion of the Bauhaus Building, while the workshops are based in storerooms at a mail order firm.

The first of the series of Bauhaus books is published with works by Gropius (International Architecture), Paul Klee, Adolf Meyer, Oskar Schlemmer, Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg and László Moholy-Nagy.

The Bauhaus masters pay a visit to Zschornewitz power station. Visits to industrial locations and landscape regions (Klee is enraptured by the Wörlitz Garden Kingdom) are part and parcel of teaching at the Bauhaus. Lower case lettering is introduced at the Bauhaus Dessau.

During negotiations in Weimar, Gropius secures the Bauhaus Dessau’s ownership rights for all items produced in the workshops up to 1st April 1925. The Bauhauskapelle (Bauhaus band) and Bauhaus students join in the New Objectivity festival at Burg Giebichenstein school of applied arts in Halle.

The limited company Bauhaus GmbH is founded in order to market the products developed at the Bauhaus. Topping-out ceremony for the Masters’ Houses. First exhibition of Surrealist paintings in Paris including works by Paul Klee.

Politics Death of Friedrich Ebert, President of the German Reich. He is succeeded by Paul von Hindenburg.

The NSDAP is re-established (270,000 members).

Locarno conference to safeguard peace in Europe.

The annual number of flats built in residential estates or rental properties (without garden) rises from 106,502 in 1925 to 317,682 in 1929.

Growing urbanisation: In 1925, 26.8 per cent of Germans live in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. This rises to 30.4 per cent in 1933.

Science and technology Television technology takes off in Germany; Werner Heisenberg develops quantum mechanics.

Literature "Manhattan Transfer" by John dos Passos; "Other Inquisiciones" by Jorge Luis Borges.

Theatre and music "Wozzeck" by Alban Berg in Berlin; George Balanchine takes over Ballets Russes in Paris.

Film The "Gold Rush" by Charlie Chaplin; "Battleship Potemkin" by Sergei Eisenstein.

Arts International arts and crafts exhibition in Paris; New Objectivity exhibition in Mannheim.

Architecture Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret design the Pessac housing project near Bordeaux; Konstantin Melnikov designs the Soviet Pavilion in Paris.