The Bauhaus

 
 
 
 
 
 

Walter Gropius, the founder of the Bauhaus, aspired to create a new unity of crafts, art and technology in a school with an international and interdisciplinary orientation. Its ultimate goal was the building as a Gesamtkunstwerk (total work of art). With an innovative and interdisciplinary approach to art education, the idea was to furnish young artists with the theoretical and practical knowledge required to meet the challenges of the new age.
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Studies at the Bauhaus began with the obligatory preliminary course, which taught methods for working with creative materials using a new and sometimes experimental educational approach. This was followed by training in the workshops, which largely dispensed with the division between theory and practice. The ultimate educational goal was to apply all the acquired knowledge to the building.
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The small international school rapidly made a name for itself. It had an active political and cultural life that integrated all of the arts. Modern lifestyles were tested, women were allowed to study outside of the women’s classes and a libertarian approach prevailed. The parties celebrated on Walter Gropius’s birthday and other occasions were legendary.
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The core of the educational curriculum was the apprenticeship in the workshops, which offered a broad spectrum of courses including glass painting, carpentry, ceramics, metalwork, stagecrafts, typography, photography and advertising. The workshops were initially headed by a team of two: a craftsman as a master of works and an artist as a master of form, thus guiding art and technology towards a new unity. The ultimate educational goal was to apply all the acquired knowledge to the building.
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